Zea Mays Zones: 3-11 Full Sun Soil pH 5.5 - 7.0
Some shorter stalk varieties of corn are - Sweet Spring Treat, Sweet Painted Mountain, and Trinity.
Some Fast Growing varieties are Bodacious, Bon Jour, Casino, and Early sunglow.
Using soil from your yard is not a good idea, it is advisable to use a potting mix formulated to retain moisture. The potting mix should have vermiculite and perlite incorporated into the blend. Adding some fertilizer such as fish emulsion is also advisable. If using standard fertilizer , a balanced 10-10-10 mix is best for corn.
Planting and Care
Plant the seeds about an inch deep and space them 4-6 inches apart, 3 - 5 seeds per 12" container, use your judgement on smaller or larger containers. If planting multiple containers it's a good idea to keep the containers spaced about a half foot apart.
Corn needs full sun, warm soil, water - it's your job to see that they get it. In containers they are portable so can be moved periodically to take advantage of the prevailing flow of sunlight. They should receive a minimum of 6 hrs. daily.
Water regularly, the morning is best.
Once the plants are roughly two feet tall a second modest watering in late afternoon would be advisable. Some organic mulch such as wood chips to help retain moisture is also a good idea.
Plant corn together in the pot with some sweet peas or with pole beans. The beans fix nitrogen in your soil, which is good for the corn and the corn provides a trellis for the peas or beans to climb up, and they won't hurt the corn plant.