Purple Ruffles Basil

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Cross between Green Ruffles and Dark Opal

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All America Selections Winner 1987

Genus: Ocimum

Species: basilicum

Variety: Purple Ruffles

Open Pollinated but not always be true to the parent

Full Sun

Soil pH 5.5 to 6.5

Hardiness zones 4 to 10

Days to Germination: 7 to 14

Days to Maturity: 80 to 85

Foliage Color: Purple / Purple Green variegated

Flower Color: Lavender

Plant Height: 18-24 in.

Start early indoors or outside after danger of frost.

Purple Ruffles Basil

Cross between Green Ruffles Basil and Dark Opal varieties. Purple Ruffles basil has a light and sweet basil flavor, with a hint of cinnamon and licorice. The leaves are most commonly used but the flowers are also edible and can be used in any recipe that calls for basil or as an attractive garnish.

When not exposed to Full sun they have the tendency to fade to green. When grown in full sun in very hot regions or under hot arid conditions they also have a tendency to fade to green. When grown under cooler than normal conditions they will also fade to green sometimes a green and purple variegation. Basically purple ruffles needs a Goldilocks zone to retain their hallmark purple coloration. Seeds from this cultivar will not always be true to the parent variety, cuttings are the best way to ensure the desired variety.

Basic Care of Basil

Water - Basil requires ample and persistent water. Mulch to retain moisture in warm weather is advisable.

Delicate flowers on Basil are attractive however they are a sign your plant is going to seed and production will decline at this point. If you are not looking to harvest seeds, you should pinch off any flower stems as they appear.

Temperature - Basil thrives in warm temperatures and heat. It will turn black and die off in temperatures approaching the mid 30s F. Temperatures should be at the very least in the 70s around the clock.

Optimal Growth Temperature 65 to 85 F

Germination Temperature 70 to 75 F

Pests and Disease


Basil has some enemies, Beetles, particularly Japanese Beetles, love Basil as much as people do and have been known to completely skeletonize whole plants. Aphids are also a problem at times. Most varieties are also subject to various plant diseases such as black spot, gray mold and fusarium wilt.