Companion Planting Cilantro
Although I generally recommend Cilantro be given its own space, if you are going to interplant it in your garden . Cilantro is benefited by nitrogen fixing plants, plants that add nitrogen to the soil, such as beans and peas. Natural soil bacteria convert nitrogen into nitrates, which are absorbed by the cilantro roots . Nitrogen-rich soil will produce healthier more robust plants. Over doing degrades the flavor somewhat.
Cilantro has a relatively shallow root system and shouldn't be planted near plants that require a deeper cultivation.
Trouble Shooting Cilantro
Cilantro sometimes has issues with whiteflies, aphids, spider mites and wilt, or mildew. Insecticidal Soap
is advised for mild insect attacks.
Neem for heavier insect infestations.
To prevent wilts and mildew, be sure to keep the garden area free of plant debris, remove and destroy any infected plants as soon as possible.
A Tidy Garden is a Happy Garden
A. Proper sanitary practices are vital to the health of your garden. Proper sanitation can help to ensure disease-free and productive gardens.
B. Try to keep the garden free of any diseased dead or damaged plant materials. Remove cuttings from pruning and trimming and either destroy them - if diseased, or send them to the compost pile. Leaving rotting fruits and vegetables in the garden is like a written invitation to unwanted pests and diseases.
C. If a diseased or dead plant part has to be cut, the microorganism that caused the problem is probably on the tool you just used. Like a surgeon, sterilize all tools by washing in soap and water - rubbing alcohol wouldn't hurt either. If you pinch off diseased plant parts, wash hands before handling any other plants.
D. Keep Weeds under control.
E. Make sure that any compost you put in your garden is completely decomposed to prevent disease organisms that it may contain from spreading.
Harvest And Storage of Cilantro and Corriander Seeds
Harvest the coriander seed when it is dry, crumbly and brown. Snip the seed heads and place them upside down in a paper bag or similar container. Within several days, the round seed husks will dry and split , dropping the corriander seed inside.
Cilantro leaves can be harvested continuously in the spring and fall as well as winter in hot regions. Harvest cilantro leaves by snipping off the leafy stems near the ground level. Cut only about a third of the plant at any time. As the plant is maturing it will appear somewhat scrawny with small sparse foliage, and flimsy secondary leaves. The greener news leaves are best , they are preferable over the feathery secondary leaves, which are frequently bitter. After every 3rd or 4th harvest a side dressing of bone meal or fish emulsion should be applied.