The Black Beauty eggplant, an heirloom that is the most common and probably the most popular eggplant variety grown in North America.
It was introduced by Burpee in the early 1900s and rapidly replaced most of the heirlooms of its day. Its popularity has not waned ever since.
It is basically the quintessential eggplant for most Italian - American cuisines. Similar varieties include Black Bell and Black Magic.
Start seeds indoors 6 - 8 weeks before planting outdoors.
Maturity at 75- 80 days from transplant.
Germination from seed 10 - 14 days.
Color - Black / Purple
Average Plant Height - 3 to 4 feet tall
Spacing - 24-36"
Spread - 12-16"
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 11
Fruit Size Up to 8 inches long
Above Average Yields - * Stake the plant early in the season to support the full weight
Eggplant grows best in a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil, fairly high in organic matter. Start early indoors in peat pots or cell packs.
Rows should be 3 to 5 ft. apart. Plants should be 2 to 3 ft. apart Transplants should be about 6 weeks old and slightly hardened, grown in 2 inch. or larger pots.
All eggplant varieties are highly susceptible to Flea Beetles attack particularly early in the season. Aphids also attack these plants and come later in the season. Varieties of Aphids that attack eggplants are generally either a light blue-green or amber, sometimes black.
The outdoor environment can be very harsh for a transplant. So, harden the transplants before planting outdoors to increase their survival rate. Place them outdoors in their original containers where they will receive direct sunlight and some wind for a few hours each day for a week, possibly more.. Gradually lengthen the amount of time outside each day. Move the plants inside at night.