Growing Broccoli Hydroponically
Nutrient pH 6.0 - 6.8 EC - 2.8-3.5 PPM 1960-2450
Broccoli can be started from seeds or plant starts available at many nurseries or even online. If starting from cuttings it is best to harvest them from mature plants.
Starting from seed is the best choice in my opinion.
Seeds become less viable as they age, germination rates decline incredibly. Be sure to use seed that is packaged for the current growing season.
Once again, being a cold weather crop - cold stratification is a helpful trick used by some growers - it is not absolutely necessary - but is helpful. Keep your seeds in the refrigerator [not the freezer] for a few weeks before using them.
Broccoli Seeds germinate best at temperatures between 45 F to 80 F but will also germinate at temperatures as low as 40 F., with a lower germination success rate. They will also germinate at higher temperatures - ditto for germination success rate. Be sure to reduce the temperature once the plants have emerged. This of course refers to air temperature, for info regarding solution temps see - Hydroponic Temperature.
Broccoli seeds can be started conventionally, in cell packs with potting soil and transferred to the hydroponic setup when they sprout, or they can also be started in Oasis Cubes. They take 4 to 7 days to germinate .
If started conventionally, in soil, you'll want to take care to remove the soil clinging to the young roots without compromising the root system. Once the soil has been delicately tapped and washed off the young roots, I like to dust the roots with Mycorrhizae, a beneficial fungus which penetrates the root systems of most plants in nature. They are helpful in providing improved uptake of water and nutrients from the growing media. This is of course optional but it does lead to healthier more robust plant.
Seed Starting in Cubes
Oasis Cubes and similar products are also suitable for starting brocolli seeds. Oasis Cubes are manufactured from water absorbent foam, Phenolic foam, also known as Floral Foam. Also known as Oasis Root Cubes, they offer a good starting environment for seedlings and plant cuttings, not as a full growing medium.
1. Moisten the starter cubes.
2. Insert the seeds into the cubes holes. You.ll need roughly 3 -4 seeds per cube, anticipating that some will not germinate and weaker ones can be weeded out later.
3. They should be placed on a tray and watered daily with 1/4 strength nutrient solution till the seeds germinate and sprout which should only be a few days. After sprouting use 1/2 strength solution.
4. Once the seedlings are growing, thin out the extra seedlings leaving only one of the fittest looking specimens in each cube. Some of the thinned out plants may be suitable for transplant elsewhere.
When roots begin to show and seedlings reach a few inches tall they are ready to leave the nest and enter into the setup.
5. Broccoli plantings should be staggered at roughly 3 - 4 week intervals in order to ensure a continuous harvest.
Nutrients and pH
The vitamin B is thought to contribute to rapid growth and enhances the vitamin mineral content of the finished product. Related Article - Hydroponic Nutrients
In a 24 hour cycle broccoli should receive a bare minimum of 10 - 12 hours of light. If you are using a less intense light such as flourescent jack that up to 16 hours per day cycle followed by 8 hours of darkness. The light source should be at least 1/2 foot away from the plant. Inadeqaute light or too much shade can delay maturation. Related Article - Hydroponic Lighting
Water / Moisture
Broccoli plants in nature do not fare well with excess water, that's in soil based agriculture. Broccoli that receives excessive water is prone to rot. In hydroponic agriculture, the roots are immersed in water for quite some time each day, which leads to a quagmire of sorts - how to minimize excess water in an hydroponic scenario.
It can be tricky controlling a plants moisture content without drying out the root system.
The type of grow media you use is a large part of the solution. A Vermiculite Perlite mix works well. Vermiculite has a 200 - 300% water retention ratio - while perlite does not retain hardly any water. A 50-50 blend of perlite and vermiculite works well for most hydroponic systems, for Broccoli, a mix of 60% - 70% perlite and 30% - 40% vermiculite works best. Other mediums such as gravel or clay pebbles will work but are not the best choice for growing brocolli hydroponically.
Hydroponic Crop Profiles