Volumes could be written on various strawberry varieties, their qualities and disadvantages, regional adaptations, disease resistance, growing season, etcetra. By the end most people would be more confused than when they began - and rightfully so.
The best way to determine which strawberry varieties you're going to grow is by experimenting with a few basic varieties and a simple criteria. I have several strawberry varieties scattered in varying locations within my garden, and some hanging varieties also.
When buying Strawberry plants I recommend buying early from a reputable online dealer, I specify online because local nurseries generally have only one or two mix match varieties in stock at any given time, and their staff is usually lacking in the requisite knowledge to assist you in making a determination.