Asparagus Asparagus PeasBeetsAdzuki BeansBeans Bean SproutsBlack BeansBlack Eyed PeasBroad BeansBok ChoyBroccoliBrokali Brussels SproutsBitter Melons BorageCabbage CarrotsCauliflowerChick PeasChinese LanternsCollard GreensCucumbersCardoonCeleryCornDinosaur GourdEggplant FenellGarlicGreat Northern White BeansGround Cherries HorseradishHairy VetchIvy GourdJerusalem ArtichokeJicamaLima BeansLoofah GourdsMalabar SpinachMicro GreensOnionsParsnipsPeppersPotatoesRabbagePumpkinRadicchioRadishesRomanesco Runner Beans RhubarbRosemary Salsify SamphireSea Kale Spring Root CropsSquashSpinachStrawberry SpinachTomatilloTomatoesTurnipsUlloco TubersWinter MelonZucchini
Artichokes are a not popular garden crop in most areas, they are , as the expression goes "an acquired taste". If you have at least 100 frost-free days in your area you can grow artichoke. The Artichoke is generally grown as a perennial, but can also be grown as an annual.
I have been growing a modest amount for years, they are a tasty and healthy dish when properly prepared.
There are actually two distinct varieties of crops referred to as artichokes. This article deals with Globe Artichokes, as in the illustration . The other "artichoke" - Jerusalem Artichoke, is not really an artichoke and not even remotely related to true artichokes.
Jerusalem Artichoke, also known as "sun-choke" and casava in some places is actually a type of sunflower or, more correctly, the tuberous roots of a type of sunflower. It is perennial living from year to year. The edible tubers resemble potatoes but are rough and knobby and have a crisp texture, much like that of water chestnuts.
Cardoons are very similar to Globe Artichoke, but is in the sunflower family like Jerusalem Artichoke. It is grown primarily for its flower buds and stems both of which are edible. The buds are most commonly sought after. They are prepared and eaten in the same fashion as globe artichoke.
The Globe Artichoke is closely related to the thistle. The part we eat is from the immature flower bud. If the buds or "globes" are not harvested, six inch bluish thistle-like flower heads develop.
The edible portion of the "globe" is composed of the fleshy bases of the flower bracts and the receptacle to which the bracts are attached, known as the "heart".